Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.w)
The World Before Islam
Before Islam, the world was a not a good place. People used to pray to the sun, the stars, and statues made out of stones called idols. Many people did not know about Allah (swt).There was a lot of fighting and many people were used as slaves and treated in a bad way. The poor and weak, as well as girls were also treated very badly.
Some of the people of Makkah were very rich, they made their money by making idols made from stones and even dates and stealing from others. These people did not want to listen to the Prophet (s.a.w) when he came because they wanted to stay powerful.
The Birth of Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.w)
Prophet Muhammad (a.s) was born in a special year called ‘the year of the elephant’. In that year, Abraha, the governor of the Abyssinian king marched towards Makkah with a huge army of elephants to destroy the Kaaba, the house where Allah (s.w) is worshipped. It is also known as the ‘house of Allah’
But just as they were close to the Kaaba, Allah (s.w.t) sent many flying creatures who carried pebbles and threw them onto the army of men and elephants and destroyed them all and the Kaaba became safe again. This was a big miracle, and it was never forgotten that Allah (s.w.t) is the protector of all things.
Abdullah, Prophet Muhammad’s father, died three months before he was born. So the Prophet never met his father.
Prophet Muhammad’s (s.a.w.w) childhood
The Prophet's mother was Aminah, a pious and gentle women. However, when he was a baby, she did not have enough milk for him. In those days, when mothers could not suckle their children because they did not have milk, their babies were given to healthy strong women to look after them and give them milk. Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.w) was therefore given to a wet nurse named Halima who was a good women. Halima returned the Prophet to his mother when he was four years old, and he started to grow into a well-mannered and polite boy.
When he turned six, the Prophet’s mother Amina became sick and died and he became an orphan. However Allah (swt) always has a plan and instead his loving grandfather started caring for him. When he turned eight, the Prophet’s grandfather also died, and his uncle Abu Talib started to look after him just like he took care of his other children. Abu Talib had a son called Ali who became very close to Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.w) and later became the first Iman.
The Prophethood of Muhammad (s.a.w.w)
Muhammad (s.a.w.w) grew up to be a handsome, honest and hardworking young man who used to help his uncle in trade by selling goods in far away cities. The Prophet (s.a.w.w) married a woman named Khadija who was very wealthy but also very kind.
The Prophet used to like to spend time in a cave called the Cave of Hira. He went there for many years, and there he used to pray to Allah (s.w.t) and think about all the amazing things that He created.
One day, when the Prophet (s.a.w.w) was forty years old, the angel Gabriel appeared while he was worshipping. angel Gabriel told him that his mission as the last Prophet of Allah (swt) had just begun, to teach people about Islam along with the following verse from the Qu’ran, the book of Allah (swt):
“Recite in the name of your Lord Who created. Created man from a clot. Recite and your Lord is most Generous. Who taught (to write) with the pen. Taught man what he knew not.” Holy Qur'an (96:1-5)
Muhammad's (s.a.w.w) heart was filled with joy, and he thanked Almighty Allah (s.w) for this great honour. He hurried to his house to tell his wife Khadija (a.s) about his mission of Prophet hood. The first woman who accepted him as a prophet was Khadija (a.s) and the first man was his cousin Imam Ali (a.s) .
Not everyone was happy that Muhammad (s.a.w.w) had been chosen as the prophet, and many people wanted to stop him from teaching others about Islam. However the Prophet (s.a.w.w) did not let these people stand in his way and he continued to spread the message that there is only one God. He taught the people all about the manners of Islam, how to be kind and live peacefully through his actions and the Holy Quran. Today there are many Muslims all over the world who live a happy life because of Islam.
Prophet Mohammad's (s.a.w.w.) Important Mission: Eid al Ghadeer
During Prophet Mohammad's (s.a.w.w) last Hajj angel Gabriel revealed the following verse:
“يَا أَيُّهَا الرَّسُولُ بَلِّغْ مَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ مِن رَّبِّكَ وَإِن لَّمْ تَفْعَلْ فَمَا بَلَّغْتَ رِسَالَتَهُ وَاللَّـهُ يَعْصِمُكَ مِنَ النَّاسِ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الْكَافِرِينَ
O, Messenger! Proclaim that which has been sent down to you from your Lord, and if you do not you will not have proclaimed His message and Allah shall protect you from people, indeed Allah do not guide the faithless lot.”— Qur'an 5:67
Through this verse Allah (swt) ordered Prophet Mohammad (s.a.w.w) to tell all the Muslims that Imam Ali (a.s) is to be the leader of the Muslims after he dies.
This was an important mission and the Prophet took it very seriously.
The Prophet (s.a.w.w) gathered all the people who were returning from hajj and stood up on a high place. He took Ali's (a.s) hand and said "Whomever I am his mawla then Ali is his mawla". In the Arabic language mawla means Guardian and leader.
He also said "O God! Befriend and be the wali of anyone who loves Ali and considers him as his wali; be the enemy of anyone who is his enemy; and assist anyone who assists him and abandon anyone who abandons him."
This day became known as 'Eid al Ghadeer'. It is a happy occasion for all Muslims because on that day the Prophet announced to thousands of people returning home from Hajj that Ali is his successor.
Prophet Mohammad's (s.a.w.w.) Death
The Prophet (s.a.w.w) was resting in the lap of Ali Ibn Abi Talib, as he was breathing his last breaths. In this time, he was passing the treasures of wisdom onto Ali, and teaching him many hidden truths. While Ali was busy performing the burial rites of the Prophet, other people in the Islamic nation were having meetings, planning on how to take the leadership of the Muslims away from Ali (a.s).
Prophet Mohammad's (s.a.w.w.) Family
"Ahlul Bayt" is the name of the most beloved members of Prophet Mohammad's family. The ahlul bayt include the Prophet Mohammad (s.a.w.w) , his daughter Fatimah (a.s) , her husband Imam Ali (a.s) and their children Hassan (a.s) and Husein (a.s) and the nine Imams (a.s) who are their descendants.
The Ahlul Bayt (a.s) were all infallible people. This means that they never committed a sin even though they could. This is because they could see the true ugliness of sins and the real beauty of obeying Allah.
Fatima al Zahra (a.s)
Fatima al-Zahra (a.s) was Prophet Mohammad's (s.a.w.w) only daughter. The Prophet loved her so much that whenever she walked in a room he would always stand up. When she was a child, her mother passed away.
Before he passed away, our Prophet (s.a.w.w) wrote in his will that his beloved daughter is to inherit a large farming area called Fadak. This land was beautiful and had many fruit trees growing in it. Fatima al-Zahra (a.s) was so kind that she let all the poor people eat from the fruit and vegetables of her land.
However, after the Prophets death things changed very quickly for his daughter. She was injured when Abu Bakir and Omar came to the house of Fatima (a.s) and Imam Ali (a.s) after his death. They wanted to take the leadership for themselves and they wanted to make sure that Imam Ali would not object. When they arrived at the house, they set the door on fire and forced it open. Fatima al-Zahra (a.s) was behind the door and she was injured badly from this attack and died soon after. The farming land she inherited from her father was also stolen from her. She was so heartbroken that the prophets companions could do such evil things that she did not want anyone to know where she was buried. Imam Ali (a.s) buried her in the middle of the night in a secret location.